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Nepal is one of the world’s most earthquake-prone countries. Being a rugged, mountainous, land-locked country with only one international airport, Nepal is highly vulnerable when a large earthquake strikes.
On April 25, 2015, an earthquake measuring 7.8 in Richter scale struck Nepal (epicenter around 50 miles northwest of Kathmandu). As of May 4, 2015 more than 7,500 persons have died, and hundreds of thousands injured due to the earthquake and several strong aftershocks.
An initial assessment indicates that many old buildings constructed from brick and mud have mostly collapsed, and poorly constructed concrete buildings not adhering to the international building code requirements are either partially collapsed or crumbled to the ground.
Very aware of earthquake risks in Nepal, the American Society of Nepali Engineers (ASNEngr) several years ago began work on a document giving recommendations for earthquake preparedness and relief. Following the recent earthquake, publication of the document was expedited, it is now available for download athttp://www.asnengr.org/earthquake_position_paper.
Ambika P. Adhikari, a research professor and affiliate faculty with the School of Geographical Sciences & Urban Planning, participated in supporting the development of the position paper from its beginning in 2012, and contributed the section related to urban planning and zoning for earthquake resistant design.
The paper is edited by Prof. Ramesh Malla of University of Connecticut and team. America Nepal Medical Foundation (ANMF) and the Computer Association of Nepal–USA (CAN-USA) partnered with the American Society of Nepali Engineers to successfully complete the paper.